Knowing the risks in your community means that you can be better prepared to help yourself and others in an emergency. Being involved in regular community meetings helps share information and raise issues about risks mitigation and disaster planning. By inviting local MPs, BMC officials as well as fire, police and emergency services you can discuss these issues and ways to tackle risks in your area more effectively. Be informed about the emergency plans for your ward and think about ways to engage and plan for the vulnerable population in your area.
Use the Mumbai Prepared site to get some tips.
For example check this Earthquake Preparedness Plan for your building
Be Prepared -Make a Plan
When a major disaster affects your community, often there is a delay is response from the emergency services as they may be busy dealing with other minor incidents or may be called to another more greatly affected area. This means that your community has to be prepared to respond to the situation in the immediate minutes to hours after the disaster occurs. Having a well rehearsed and structured plan in place allows for an effective response in this situation. Get involved with your community and engage with your ward to co-ordinate emergency plan. Think about the following when preparing your community plans
- Assess your local risks - Fire, Explosion, Security, Building Structure
- Conduct Building Fire Audits regularly
- Communicate the plan to all members and organise training
- Identify the vulnerable population in your area ie slums, & settlements at risk of flooding, landslides, schools, old peoples homes etc. and plan for them
- Conduct emergency exercises (see exercise section)
- Identify key personnel in your vicinity -doctors, firemen, police etc
- Identify local hospitals in your area that are equipped for Emergency Medical & Trauma care
- Keep a list of important local contacts including NGOs in your area
Be Smart - Get a Kit
It is recommended that there should be 1 EMERGENCY GRAB BAG + 1 AED (Automated Electronic Defibrillator) + 1 Fire Extinguisher per 5 Floors of a multi story building.
Suggested Contents of BUILDING EMERGENCY GRAB BAG
Personal Protective Equipment - Gloves, Masks, Face Shields
Sharps disposal Units
Transport equipment such as foldable stretchers, slide sheets
Ambo bags for ventilation
IV cannulae, Giving sets, Fluids
Medications - Analgesia, GIN Spray
Low blood sugar kit
Dressings, Bandages, Gauze, Eye Pads